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Einen Acfer. In weieerer Bedeutung. Joachim-Heinrich von Campe, In weiterer Bedeutung , durch aufgeworfene Joachim Heinrich Campe, Jubiläumskassette III zum Geburtstag von Hannes Hegen.
Hannes Hegen, Stephan Müller, Regen Regen. Trüb, Trüb. Wind, trüb, Wind. Himmel, Wind,. Basketball: 1. This may have brought peace to the islands, but in the following century it came at a terrible price.
The Highland Clearances of the 19th century destroyed communities throughout the Highlands and Islands as the human populations were evicted and replaced with sheep farms.
For those who remained new economic opportunities emerged through the export of cattle, commercial fishing and tourism.
During the summer season in the s and s five thousand inhabitants of Lewis could be found in Wick on the mainland of Scotland, employed on the fishing boats and at the quaysides.
By the population of North Uist was only 1, The work of the Napier Commission and the Congested Districts Board , and the passing of the Crofting Act of helped, but social unrest continued.
Lady Gordon Cathcart took legal action against the "raiders" but the visiting judge took the view that she had neglected her duties as a landowner and that "long indifference to the necessities of the cottars had gone far to drive them to exasperation".
This process involved a transition from these places being perceived as relatively self-sufficient agricultural economies  to a view becoming held by both island residents and outsiders alike that they lacked the essential services of a modern industrial economy.
There were gradual economic improvements, among the most visible of which was the replacement of the traditional thatched blackhouse with accommodation of a more modern design.
The creation of the Highlands and Islands Development Board and the discovery of substantial deposits of North Sea oil in , the establishment of a unitary local authority for the islands in and more recently the renewables sector have all contributed to a degree of economic stability in recent decades.
The Arnish yard has had a chequered history but has been a significant employer in both the oil and renewables industries.
Modern commercial activities centre on tourism, crofting , fishing, and weaving including the manufacture of Harris tweed.
Some of the larger islands have development trusts that support the local economy and, in striking contrast to the 19th and 20th century domination by absentee landlords, more than two thirds of the Western Isles population now lives on community-owned estates.
Overall, the area is relatively reliant on primary industries and the public sector, and fishing and fish farming in particular are vulnerable to environmental impacts, changing market pressures, and European legislation.
There is some optimism about the possibility of future developments in, for example, renewable energy generation, tourism, and education, and after declines in the 20th century the population has stabilised since , although it is ageing.
From the passing of the Local Government Scotland Act to Lewis formed part of the county of Ross and Cromarty and the rest of the archipelago, including Harris , was part of Inverness-shire.
The Outer Hebrides became a unitary council area in , although in most of the rest of Scotland similar unitary councils were not established until The council has its base in Stornoway on Lewis and is often known locally simply as "the Comhairle " or a' Chomhairle.
The other independent-run councils are Shetland and Orkney. The Scottish independence referendum has led some islanders to call for a debate on the constitutional position of the Western Isles , linked with similar initiatives in Orkney and Shetland.
However, the Education Scotland Act mandated English-only education, and is now recognised as having dealt a major blow to the language.
People still living can recall being beaten for speaking Gaelic in school. With The Gaelic Language Scotland Act was enacted by the Scottish Parliament in to provide continuing support for the language.
Scheduled ferry services between the Outer Hebrides and the Scottish Mainland and Inner Hebrides operate on the following routes:.
Other ferries operate between some of the islands. National Rail services are available for onward journeys, from stations at Oban and Mallaig , which has direct services to Glasgow.
However, parliamentary approval notwithstanding, plans in the s to lay a railway connection to Ullapool were unable to obtain sufficient funding.
There are scheduled flights from Stornoway , Benbecula and Barra airports both inter-island and to the mainland.
Barra's airport is claimed to be the only one in the world to have scheduled flights landing on a beach.
At high water the runways are under the sea so flight times vary with the tide. Bus na Comhairle meaning "Bus of the Council" is the council-owned local bus company of the Western Isles of Scotland.
The archipelago is exposed to wind and tide, and lighthouses are sited as an aid to navigation at locations from Barra Head in the south to the Butt of Lewis in the north.
Annie Jane , a three-masted immigrant ship out of Liverpool bound for Montreal, Canada , struck rocks off the West Beach of Vatersay during a storm on Tuesday 28 September Within ten minutes the ship began to founder and break up casting people into the raging sea.
In spite of the conditions, islanders tried to rescue the passengers and crew. The remains of men, women and children were buried in the dunes behind the beach and a small cairn and monument marks the site.
Christianity has deep roots in the Western Isles, but owing mainly to the different allegiances of the clans in the past, the people in the northern islands Lewis, Harris, North Uist have historically been predominantly Presbyterian , and those of the southern islands Benbecula, South Uist, Barra predominantly Roman Catholic.
Many of this last group belong to the Free Church of Scotland , known for its strict observance of the Sabbath. Gaelic music is popular in the islands and the Lewis and Harris Traditional Music Society plays an active role in promoting the genre.
A two-week festival, it has inspired 43 other feisean throughout Scotland. Outdoor activities including rugby , football, golf , shinty , fishing, riding, canoeing, athletics, and multi-sports are popular in the Western Isles.
The Hebridean Challenge is an adventure race run in five daily stages, which takes place along the length of the islands and includes hill and road running, road and mountain biking , short sea swims and demanding sea kayaking sections.
South Uist is home to the Askernish Golf Course. Although it was in use until the s, its existence was largely forgotten until and it is now being restored to Morris's original design.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archipelago and council area off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
Outer Hebrides. Main article: List of Outer Hebrides. Main article: Flora and fauna of the Outer Hebrides. Main article: History of the Outer Hebrides.
Main article: Comhairle nan Eilean Siar. Main article: Religion in the Outer Hebrides. The phrase can also be used to refer to the Hebrides in general.
Murray also notes that "Gneiss Islands"—a reference to the underlying geology — is another name used to refer to the Outer Hebrides but that its use is "confined to books".
Retrieved 10 August indicates a resident population. However, neither the census nor the main reference work Haswell-Smith refer to the island.
Its population is presumably included in nearby Grimsay by the census. When Somerled wrested the southern Inner Hebrides from Godred the Black in , this was the beginnings of a break with nominal Norse rule in the Hebrides.
Godred remained the ruler of Mann and the Outer Hebrides, but two years later Somerled's invasion of the former caused him to flee to Norway.
Norse control was further weakened in the ensuring century, but the Hebrides were not formally ceded by Norway until For example, many Scandinavian sources from this period of time typically refer to individuals as having a Scandinavian first name and a Gaelic by-name.
Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 20 December Ordnance Survey.
Retrieved 1—15 August Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 17 January Scottish Government. Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original PDF on 14 February Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 7 June Retrieved 11 June Comhairle nan Eilean Siar.
Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 29 July Retrieved 5 July Epping Forest Hedgehog Rescue.
Archived from the original on 8 August The Scotsman. National Trust for Scotland. Archived from the original on 22 June Retrieved 16 February National Records of Scotland.
Archived from the original on 10 September Retrieved 10 September BBC News. Retrieved 18 August Retrieved 20 July General Register Office for Scotland.